Wood Mackenzie forecasts that Bangladesh will see LNG demand rise to over 8 mmtpa by early next decade.
The government currently estimates LNG demand at over 700 mmcfd (around 5 million tonnes). However, due to the lack of domestic gas production, the government has stopped building gas pipelines and has been promoting the use of LPG in residential and commercial areas over the past few years.
On the other hand, while gas prices to all sectors have already increased twice in 2017 and averaging at around US$3/mmbtu, it still falls short of international LNG prices, making it attractive for both retail and commercial users. Currently, there is also no firm plan on gas price rationalisation.
These factors make the LNG import situation for Bangladesh more pressing.
PetroBangla is in talks with various parties for both long term and more flexible options for spot LNG deliveries. In June, it signed an MOU with AOT to supply up to 1.75 million tonnes of LNG. However, the deal is still under discussion and will be a part of its spot procurement strategy.
Conversations with key stakeholders indicate the Moheskhali FSRU, which will support its first LNG imports, remains on schedule to begin by the end of 2018. The onshore gas pipeline connecting the FSRU from Cox's Bazar to the main demand centre in Chittagong has also been completed.
Plans are also under way to build a subsea pipeline from Moheskhali Island to the mainland gas valve. A US$180 million financing package with Excelerate for the Moheskhali FSRU has also been concluded.
With plans for another 17 mmtpa of planned regas capacity via FSRUs and an onshore LNG terminal, the government is clearly in support to boost its LNG supply. Already, private capital is being attracted to this sector with the involvement of Summit Power, Reliance Power and Petronet who are looking to invest in these terminals.
Wood Mackenzie expects more upside to Bangladesh's LNG demand particularly if the 1.5 mmtpa Indian piped gas import gets delayed or cancelled, and if its coal-fired power plants do not come online as planned.